The Eastern Mongolia, encompassing the Khan Hentii Mountain Range and Great Eastern Plains has a lot to offer for travelers. Almost totally uninhabited remote wilderness area of Khan Hentii Mountains, the historical places, that were mentioned in the 13th century “The Secret History of Mongols”, including the birthplace of Chinggis Khaan, and the endless verdant grassland of the Eastern Plains.
The Eastern Mongolian Plains feature a miracle of verdant grasslands that extend as far as the eye can see as well as lakes, mineral springs and gently rolling hills. The steppes are home to rich wildlife dominated by thousands of white-tailed gazelle (Mongolian gazelle).
Traditional folk songs, blacksmith and silversmith skills, and handicrafts of Dariganga people, who inhabit the southern end of the plains, are famous throughout Mongolia
Khan Khentii Mountain National Park
This is the native land of Genghis Khan and contains many important historical and cultural sites. The park is landscape of transition from Siberian taiga forest to grass steppe. Khan Khentii Mountain National Park is one of the Mongolian natural and historical treasures, declared by UNESCO as world heritage site. Khan Khentii is covered with forests, taiga, and mountain forest steppe. It is the land described in The Secret History of Mongols, a literary monument of the nation, and is a protected area located northeast of the capital city.
Oglogch Wall is located at the base of Daichin Mountain, 45km southwest of Batshireet soum. The wall, 3km in length, is made entirely of stones without the use of mortar. When Russian archeologist S.Kondratiev explored the site in 1926, the wall was 2.5-4.5 meters in height. Today it stands 3.1 meters tall at its highest point. Mongolian-American joint expedition team "Chingis Khan" discovered approximately 60 tombs near the wall. The archeologists believe that Oglochiin Kherem may be a burial place of great Mongolian figures, such as Chingis or Kublai Khan.
The Kherlen is one of the three famous rivers which rise in the Khentii mountain Range, and it flows for 1.264 kilometers to drain into Lake of Dalai Nuur in China . There are many kinds of fishes and birds such as geese, duck, Amur Catfish, Umber, Taimen, Lenok, Amur Chub, Mirror Carp, Golden Carp, & Amur Ide. etc. An honorary monument at Khodoo Aral near the Kherlen River was dedicated to Chingis Khan. Historians write that the khan came to power at Khodoo Aral, an area from which he later emerged to unite the nomadic tribes of Mongolia . Ogoodei Khan and Munkh Khan were later enthroned at Khodoo Aral.
Deluun boldog, (Birthplace of Chingis khan)
For his 800th birthday, a statue of Genghis Khan was erected in 1962 at Deluun Boldog; a place believed to be the great khan's birthplace, close to what is today Dadal soum, an attractive wooded area in North-west Khentii region. The area contains trails and lakes for visitors as well as monuments where you can learn why this fierce warrior and great leader is still revered today. Dadal Sum once housed one of three great lamaist temples consecrated to Genghis Khan, but which was razed in the 1930s. Now there are stone monuments to him erected in the surrounding beauty of the Mongolian countryside.
Baldan Bereeven Monastery
The remains of Baldan Bereeven Monastery are located in the depression of the Bereeven Mountains . The monastery was made of granite stone in 1777. The God of "Manzushir" with 3 meters high and 2 meters wide was crafted on the steep and reddish, granite stone is to the south east of the monastery. The main worship hall was built in 1813. It had 32 columns and 3 stairs, which called "Utai gumben" but it has broken beside the wall. Last a few years American builder rebuilt it. The monastery at one time was home to 8,000 lamas. It was the religious center of the eastern Khalkh Mongols. The buildings were mainly constructed of stone and wood because of its location near the forests. No detailed studies on Bereeven Monastery exist.
It was mentioned that Temuujin (Genghis khan's childhood name) moved to in the Khukh Lake ( Blue Lake ) of Kar Zurkh (Black heart) of Sengur which exists Khurelkh. Khar Zurkh is a point topped mountain with forest in its shady side and no trees in its front slope. The stone of Ger. ruin with diameter of 15 meters is on the south side of this lake. It would be ruin of the Palace where Genghis Khan was was entitled as a Khan of Mongols in 1189 . The land around the lake is a region as a taiga forest zone and vast depression surrounding mountain ranges.
Dornod Mongolia steppe
Thankfully, authorities have been convinced that the area's fragile environment and endangered fauna and flora need to be conserved. Dornod is currently the base of a multi-million dollar environmental protection project, which is researching everything from fires to field mice in an attempt to protect one of the world's last undisturbed grasslands. Three large Strictly Protected Areas (SPA) were established in the aimag in 1992: Dornod Mongol (570,374 hectares). Holds one of the last great plain ecosystems on earth, protecting seas of feather grass steppe and 70% of Mongolia 's white-tailed gazelle, which roam in herds of up to 20,000. Nomrog (311,205 hectares). An unpopulated area, which contains rare species of moose, cranes, otter and bears. Ecologically distinct from the rest of Mongolia , the area takes in the transition zone from the Eastern Mongolian steppe to the mountains and forest of Manchuria . It is proposed that the park expand eastwards. Mongol Daguur (103,016 hectares). The reserve is divided into two parts; the northern half is hill steppe and wetland bordering on Russia 's Tarij Nuur and Daurski Reserve, protecting endemic species like the Daurian hedgehog; the southern area along the Uuiz Gol protects white-naped crane (tsen togoruu) and other endangered birds. The area is part of a one-million hectare international reserve, linking the Siberian taiga with the Inner Asian steppe.
Huduu Aral and the Ruins of Chinggis Khaan’s Palace
The historical place of Huduu Aral is 13 kilometers to the southeast of the Khan Hentii Protected Area. Aurug or Palace is situated in the Hudu Aral plain that stretches for 30 kilometers in length and 20 kilometers in width on the bank of the Herlen River.
In 1240, “The Secret History of the Mongols” - the most important literary and historical work of Mongols from the ancient times-was completed ar Aurug, where the Palace of Chinggis Khaan was. The 750th anniversary of this great historical work was held at Huduu Aral in 1990, and a monument was erected to honor the great emperor. Numerous ancient burials are found in this area.
Shiliin bogd worshiped Mountain
Shiliin Bogd mountain (1778 m) is the highest peak in Sukhbaatar province. The locals beleive that the spirit of a man who climbs it especially at sunrise will be revived by the sacred volcano. The region is isolated yet stunning in so many ways. En route to Shiliin Bogd there is the statue of Tooroi Bandi, ''Robin Hood" of Mongolia who stole horses of local Manchurian occupants and hid them in the mountain.
This beautiful fresh water lake lies 11 kilometers southeast of Dariganga villaga, bordering the northern edge of Moltsog Els sand belt. This small lake is part of greater Ganga Lake Protected Area that includes Moltsog Els sand dunes, Holboo and Uizen Lakes, the famous Steppe Cave and number of volcanoes and the Ganga lake itself. The combination of the sand dunes and steppe lakes in the area from attractive natural wonders. The lake is habitat for numerous rare birds whooper swan and napped crane.
Taliin Agui (steppe cave)
Taliin Agui (steppe cave), one of the largest caves in Mongolia is 14 kilometers to the northwest of Mt. Shiliin Bogd. This large cave in the middle of steppe is 200 meters in length and occupies a total space of 100,000 cubic meters.
Mongol Dagurian Strictly Protected Area
About 280 kilometers to the east of Gurvan Nuur Spring Spa, Mongol Dugarian Protected Area is situated on the northern edge of the eastern plains. The area was protected to preserve a representative portion the eastern steppe and its flora and fauna that includes endangered species. The preserve is divided into two parts. The larger northern part is included in the international reserve that covers nearby protected areas in Russia and China, as some of the world’s rarest birds live here.
226 species of birds, including the endangered whooper swam, relict gull, mandarin duck, and great bustard inhabit the protected area. The protected area is home to 36 mammals, including roe deer, Mongolian gazelle, red fox, raccoon, and wolf. Seven fish species and three amphibians live in Ulz River and its basin.
Huh Nuur Depression-The Lowest Point in Mongolia
Lake Huh Nuur, which represents the lowest point (552 meters above sea level) lies not far away from the Mongol Dagurian Protected Area. Huh Nuur is a small salt water lake covering 95 square kilometers. The lake is home to rich wildlife
Eastern Mongolian Strictly Protected Area-“Mongolia’s Serengeti”
This protected area uninhabited by human extends for over 200 kilometers along the Chinese border in the south-eastern edge of the Great Eastern Plains. Established in part to protect the habitat for the Mongolian gazelle (Procapra guttarosa), the Eastern Mongolian Protected Area covers a representative part of the last of the great plain ecosystem. The sacred Buddhist peak of Vangiin Tsagaan Uul Mountain overlooks the gently rolling steppe that is characteristic of the protected area.
Dominated by Mongolian or white gazelle, this is one of the greatest wildlife site on earth, which is sometimes referred to as “Mongolia’s Serengeti”, is home to 25 species of mammals. Between 300,000 to 1 million gazelle, one of Asia’s largest remaining wildlife populations, inhabit the steppes. Herds of up to 40,000 animals pass through the reserve during the late fall. The protected area is inhabited by 125 species of birds including the endangered great bustard and steppe eagles, upland buzzard and the rough-legged harrier.
Numrug Strictly Protected Area
Numrug Strictly Protected Area, covering the remote and uninhabited far eastern tip of Mongolia, lies 420 kilometers east of Choibalsan town, the capital of Dornod aimag (Eastern province). The protected area, which includes the western end of Hyanhan Mountain Range, is relatively wet compared to the rest of the eastern region.
Manchurian flora and fauna that occur nowhere else in Mongolia are found in Numrug Protected Area, which is ecologically distinct from rest of Mongolia. The protected area, with high biological diversity, is home to 44 mammals, 234 species of birds, 24 fish, 3 reptiles and 4 amphibians. Rare Ussurian moose, black-naped oriole and great black water snake and the endangered hooded crane and Houbara bustard are found here along with offer, brown bear, lynx and wild boar.
The Buir Nuur Lake, the largest lake in the eastern Mongolia, lies on the way to the Numrug Protected Area. The lake stretching 40 kilometers along the Chinese border, is an important local fishing zone. Over 300 tons of fish is landed annually. The main game fish of the lake is Amur carp. Other species include mirror carp, taimen, Amur grayling, lenok, khadary, burbot, whitefish and carp.
The famous Khalkha River starts in the Hyangan Mountain Range and empties into the Buir Nuur Lake.